Kangaroo Mother Care Philippines History

KMC in the Philippines was initially adopted at the neonatal care unit of Dr. Jose Fabella Memorial Hospital in 1999, after Dr. Socorro dL Mendoza received training on Kangaroo Mother Care in Bogota, Colombia. To date, the KMC program of the hospital has helped not only in maintaining a higher survival rate of infants but also in propagating sustained breastfeeding among mothers. Upon Dr. Mendoza's retirement from government service, she and several like- minded professionals decided other areas in the Philppines would benefit greatly from KMC. Thus the Bless Tetada Kangaroo Mother Care Foundation, Philippines, Inc. was established in 2008. The Foundation's goal is to develop, monitor, and accredit KMC centers and also encourage continued application of KMC as a standard practice in neonatal care. To date, besides the Fabella Hospital in Manila, the Foundation has initiated two other KMC centers one at the Mariano Marcos Memorial Hospital (MMMH) in Batac, Ilocos Norte and two, the Southern Philippines Medical Center in Davao City. Preliminary talks with the officers of the UP- Philippine General Hospital, has been initiated for the adoption of KMC in their NICU unit.





Here are some information from WIKIPEDIA that would further introduce you to KMC.


(click the link for Wikipedia's full document)

Description of KMC

Kangaroo care seeks to provide restored closeness of the newborn with mother or father by placing the infant in direct skin-to-skin contact with one of them. This ensures physiological and psychological warmth and bonding. The kangaroo position provides ready access to nourishment. The parent's stable body temperature helps to regulate the neonate's temperature more smoothly than an incubator, and allows for readily accessible breastfeeding.

While this model of infant care is substantially different from the typical Western NICU procedures described here, the two are not mutually exclusive, and it is estimated that more than 200 neonatal intensive care units practice kangaroo care today. One recent survey found that 82 percent of neonatal intensive care units use kangaroo care in the United States today.

History of KMC

Not all areas in the world have resources to provide technical intervention and health care workers for premature and low weight babies. In 1978, due to increasing morbidity and mortality rates in the Instituto Materno Infantil NICU in Bogotá, Colombia, Dr. Edgar Rey Sanabria, Professor of Neonatology at Department of Paediatry - Universidad Nacional de Colombia, introduced a method to alleviate the shortage of caregivers and lack of resources. He suggested that mothers have continuous skin-to-skin contact with their low birth weight babies to keep them warm and to give exclusive breastfeeding as they needed. This freed up overcrowded incubator space and care givers.

Another feature of kangaroo care was early discharge in the kangaroo position despite prematurity. It has proven successful in improving survival rates of premature and low birth weight newborns and in lowering the risks of nosocomial infection, severe illness, and lower respiratory tract disease (Conde-Agudelo, Diaz-Rossello, & Belizan, 2003). It also increased exclusive breast feeding and for a longer duration and improved maternal satisfaction and confidence.